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Numismatica Ars Classica
Auction 64  17-18 May 2012
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Lot 1271

Estimate: 75 000 CHF
Price realized: 120 000 CHF
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The Roman Empire
Florianus, 275 – 276

Medallion 275-276, Æ 40.73 g. IMP C M ANN FLORIANVS P AVG Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust r. Rev. MONETA AVG The three Monetae standing facing, heads l., holding scales and cornucopiae; at their feet, heaps of coins. C 43. Gnecchi II p. 115, 3. BMC Medallion pl. 52 (these dies). RIC pl. XII, 178.

Extremely rare and possibly the largest and heaviest medallion of Florian in existence.
An impressive portrait in the finest style of the period struck in high relief on a
full flan, the original silvering virtually intact. Good extremely fine
The most familiar reverse type of Roman medallions shows the Tres Monetae. It perhaps makes its first appearance on a brass medallion of Commodus, after which it became a staple throughout most of the 3rd Century. This medallion type occasionally was used for circulating coins, notably on sestertii from early in the reign of Septimius Severus. Initially the type bore inscriptions such as AEQVITAS PVBLICA(E) or AEQVITAS AVGVSTI, but by the reign of Trajan Decius (249-251) it had assumed its most familiar form, MONETA AVG(G). All three figures hold a cornucopia and set of scales, and stand beside a heap of coins. Invariably the two outer figures hold scales hung at the end of rods or cords of more or less equal length, whereas the central figure suspends her scale from a much longer rod or cord. Since the figures represent the three principal coining metals – gold, silver and copper – we may presume the central figure represents gold, and that her distinctive appearance represents the more careful standard to which gold was weighed.

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