Ushaw College, seminary, formerly St Cuthbert's College, unnamed prize medals (2), 1858, by C. F. Voigt, in silver, bust of Cardinal William Allen, GVLIEL. CARD. ALANVS, IN MEM. TANTI VIRI COLL. VSHAW HOC PRAEMIVM MERITI EXCVDI FEC. MDCCCLVIII, rev. figures attend the Madonna and Child, HIC EST FILIVS MEVS DILECTVS IPSVM AVDITE on ribbon above, and in exergue DA MIHI SEDIVM TVARVM AD SISTRICEM SAPIENT, 67mm, good extremely fine; and another in bronze, similar, extremely fine; both in gilt-blocked cases of issue (2)
Under Pius V (1566-72), William Allen was appointed head of the Roman Catholics of England and, in that position made political efforts to end the schism between England and Rome. His attempts to undermine Elizabeth I's religious authority, however, arguably endangered Catholics in England and his involvement in the planning of Philip II's Spanish Armada invasion resulted in failure as English Catholics maintained their allegiance to Elizabeth both before and after her victory. Nevertheless, on Philip's recommendation Allen was made cardinal in 1587 and he established seminaries to train future priests who would return to England. From 1968 until its closure in 2011, Ushaw College was the principal Roman Catholic seminary in the north of England.